Providing care from birth to early adulthood, pediatricians are concerned with the health of infants, children, and teenagers. They specialize in the diagnosis and treatment of a variety of ailments specific to young people and track their patients’ growth to adulthood. Pediatricians treat day-to-day illnesses that are common to children—minor injuries, infectious diseases, and immunizations.

A physician who provides preventative health maintenance for health children and medical care for children who are acutely or chronically ill. Pediatrics became a specialty in 1930 when the American Academy of Pediatrics was founded with the belief that infants and children have special developmental and health care needs and requirements. Pediatricians manage the mental, emotional and physical well-being of their patients, in every stage of development. There focus is on newborns, babies, children, adolescents, young adults up to 18-21 years of age. It is not just the physical well-being they are also involved with prevention, early detection and management of other problems that may affect the children.